3. 参考词汇：书法 calligraphy 毛笔 writing brush 砚台 ink stone
I’m glad to know you’re interested in Chinese Calligraphy. It’s my pleasure to tell you how to learn Chinese calligraphy.
As we all know,the four treasures of the study are writing brush, ink, paper and ink stone, which are essential to learn Chinese calligraphy. As to the way to learn it, I think, for one thing,you may study the basic structure of each Chinese character step by step; for another,choosing a good model book to copy is of great benefit to you.
Chinese calligraphy is a fine art of the excellent traditional cultures in China. Not onlydoes it do good to health, but also it can cultivate morality and purify our souls.
Hoping you can come to China to enjoy it personally.
文房四宝 the Four Treasures of the study—writing brush, ink stick, paper and ink slab
We’d like to share our culture with you by introducing you to the art of Chinese calligraphy.
As you can see, all the Chinese characters hanging here are written with the Four Treasures of the study --- writing brush, ink stick, paper and ink slab, which enjoy a long history and a good reputation as well.
For Chinese, calligraphy serves the purpose of conveying thoughts and showing the beauty of the lines. Not only is it a practical technique for writing Chinese characters, but alsoa unique art which can help purify our souls.
Afterwards, we’ll break into groups so that you can join us. I promise you can feel the beauty and power of writing. Please enjoy yourselves!
参考词汇：calligraphy书法； improvise v. 即兴表演
I’m writing to invite you to the lecture on Chinese calligraphy which is the art of writing Chinese characters and especially refers to the rules of writing with a brush.
The lecture will be given by Shen Peng, a famous calligrapher, in the lecture hall of the Art Building on May 15th this Sunday. As far as I know, you like the traditional culture of China, so you will enjoy it.
The lecture will last from 8 to 11 , mainly consisting of three parts: one and a half hours’ listening to the lecture, half an hour’s discussion and one hour for observing the calligrapher improvising on the spot.
I will be very glad if you come. Looking forward to your early reply.
Calligraphy(from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument, brush, or other writing instruments. A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as 'the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner'.
In ancient China, the oldest Chinese characters existing are Jiǎgǔwén characters (甲骨文) carved on ox scapulae and tortoise plastrons, because the dominators in Shang Dynasty carved pits on such animals' bones and then baked them to gain auspice of military affairs, agricultural harvest, or even procreating and weather. During the divination ceremony, after the cracks were made, the characters were written with a brush on the shell or bone to be later carved.(Keightley, 1978). With the development ofJīnwén(Bronzeware script) andDàzhuàn(Large Seal Script) 'cursive' signs continued. Moreover, each archaic kingdom of current China had its own set of characters.
In Imperial China, the graphs on old steles—some dating from 200 BC, and in Xiaozhuan style—are still accessible.
About 220 BC, the emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first to conquer the entire Chinese basin, imposed several reforms, among them Li Si's character unification, which created a set of 3300 standardizedXiǎozhuàn（小篆）characters.Despite the fact that the main writing implement of the time was already the brush, few papers survive from this period, and the main examples of this style are on steles.
The Lìshū style (隸書/隸书)(clerical script) which is more regularized, and in some ways similar to modern text, have been also authorised under Qin Shi Huangdi.
Kǎishū style (traditional regular script)—still in use today—and attributed to Wang Xizhi (王羲之， 303–361) and his followers, is even more regularized.Its spread was encouraged by Emperor Mingzong of Later Tang (926–933), who ordered the printing of the classics using new wooden blocks in Kaishu. Printing technologies here allowed a shape stabilization. The Kaishu shape of characters 1000 years ago was mostly similar to that at the end of Imperial China.But small changes have been made, for example in the shape of广which is not absolutely the same in the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 as in modern books. The Kangxi and current shapes have tiny differences, while stroke order is still the same, according to old style.
Styles which did not survive include Bāfēnshū, a mix made of Xiaozhuan style at 80%, and Lishu at 20%. Some variant Chinese characters were unorthodox or locally used for centuries. They were generally understood but always rejected in official texts. Some of these unorthodox variants, in addition to some newly created characters, compose the Simplified Chinese character set.
My grandparents are very special to me. They have worked hard all their lives and sacrificed a lot for my family. Not only that, but they are also special friends to me. They are easier to talk to than my parents and they are very kind to me. For example, my grandmother makes me delicious things to eat and my grandfather often takes me fishing.
In addition, they are the leaders of my family. They are full of wisdom and know the stories of our ancestors. They are the ones that hold our family together. As a result, I owe them a great deal, but I don't know how to repay them. All I can do is cherish them and never take them for granted.
Dear Mr. Green,
I am very excited that we are going to start a magazine together . It in indeed wonderful idea and everyone hopes for its success .
I would like the magazine to have three columns : news , Teachers’ advice and students’ voice . From the news column we can learn about what is gong in both of our schools . In teachers’ advice, our teachers can give us such help as we may not be able to get in the classroom . Students’ voice will allow us to freely express our thoughts and feelings about our lives and studies .
I believe this magazine will surely strengthen our ties ,and I am looking forward to reading it .
Yours faithfully ,
Dear Li Ming,
How is everything doing nowadays, i havent seen your letters long time, and i miss you exceedingly. So our examination is over, mow i have a leisure time at home, and so busy doing everything .espicially today, lots of housework i need to do, but my homework havent finished, beside, i also should walk with my dog, water the flowers and do the shopping. Recently, my daddy bought me a computer, and in the everning, i need to the computer class for learning. with the knowledge, i have learned how to send a e-mail to friends already.
It’s true that money is very important to everyone and we can’t go without money in the modern society. If we have more money, we can buy more fashionable clothes to wear and better houses to live in. If we have more money, we can do a lot of good deeds for other people. With more money, our life may become easier and in some way we may feel happier. But remember that money is not everything. You can’t buy knowledge, precious time and true friendship or love, no matter how much money you have. If a person has none of these, can he be happy? Of course the answer is “No”。 If money doesn’t bring people real happiness, it is of no use to have much more money than you actually need to live a simple and happy life. In a word, money is important and necessary, but money doesn’t mean everything, though it means something in some time and place.
We will never forget our freshman year at college. In general it is a time filled with anticipation, some anxiety, and wonderful discoveries. College is much different than high school. You may decide to commute from your home to a local campus. Without doubt, the most dramatic freshman year is for those living away from home. What can we expect as we head off into the wonderful world of higher education? The first thing I notice is the workload. It is heavier and more intense than I ever experienced before. The major challenges of college work are large volume of reading, short deadlines, and “endless” writing. A related effect that can be brought on by the workload is doubt, frustration, and loneliness if possible.
My favorite piece of music is the theme song in the movie “Titanic”。 The movie is a very touching and unforgettable love story, which sings praise for true love and sacrifice. The song called “My Heart Will Go On” sung by Canadian singer Celine Dion is a perfect match and an indispensable part to the movie. The beautiful music tells the lasting love between Jack and rose and their determination to stay together, at least spiritually, no matter what happens. I think Celine Dion’s wonderful voice adds more beauty to the song, which makes us feel happiness of love and sadness of separation at the same time. I think if you’ve ever listened to it, you’ll be deeply touched, too.